Hubungan antara Usia dan Aktivitas Sehari-Hari dengan Risiko Jatuh Pasien Instalasi Rawat Jalan Geriatri

Agustin Junior Nanda Deniro, Nuniek Nugraheni Sulistiawati, Novira Widajanti

Abstract

Pendahuluan. Jatuh merupakan salah satu masalah fisik yang sering terjadi dan mengakibatkan morbiditas serta mortalitas pada usia lanjut. Terdapat berbagai faktor risiko jatuh diantaranya adalah usia dan kemandirian dalam aktivitas sehari-hari.

Metode. Penelitian inimerupakan studi observasional analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional, yaitu dengan mengumpulkan data variabel bebas (usia dan aktivitas sehari-hari) melalui wawancara dan skor Indeks Barthel, variabel terikat (risiko jatuh) dengan cara observasi langsung mengunakan uji Timed Up and Go yang dianalisis dengan uji korelasi Rank Spearman. Jumlah sampel dengan teknik insidental sampling sebanyak 55 orang pasien Instalasi Rawat Jalan Geriatri RSUD Dr Soetomo Surabaya periode Agustus – Oktober 2017.

Hasil. Hasil analisis bivariat menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara usia dengan risiko jatuh (r = 0,334, p < 0,05) dan ada hubungan antara aktivitas sehari-hari dengan risiko jatuh (r = - 0,460, p < 0,05) pasien Instalasi Rawat Jalan Geriatri RSUD Dr Soetomo Surabaya periode Agustus – Oktober 2017.

Simpulan. Terdapat hubungan signifikan yang rendah dan searah antara usia dengan risiko jatuh serta terdapat hubungan signifikan yang sedang dan tidak searah antara aktivitas sehari-hari dengan risiko jatuh pada pasien Instalasi Rawat Jalan Geriatri RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya periode Agustus sampai Oktober 2017.

 

Kata Kunci: aktivitas sehari-hari, risiko jatuh, usia lanjut

 

The Relationship between Age and Activity of Daily Living with the Fall Risk of Patients in Geriatric Outpatient Installation 

Introduction. Fall is one of the physical problems that happened quite frequently and resulted in morbidity and mortality of old people. There are several factors related to fall risk, among others are age and independence in activity of daily living.

Methods. This research is an observational analytical study with cross sectional approach, by collecting free variable data (age and activity of daily living) through interview and Barthel index score, dependent variable (fall risk) by direct observation using Timed Up and Go test that analyzed by Rank Spearman correlation test. The number of samples with incidental sampling technique was 55 patients in Geriatric Outpatient Installation RSUD Dr Soetomo Surabaya for the period of August – October 2017.

Results. Bivariate analysis showed that there was a correlation between age and fall risk  (r = 0.334, p <0.05) and there was a relationship between activity of daily living with fall risk (r = - 0.460, p <0.05 ) of patient in Geriatric Outpatient Installation RSUD Dr Soetomo Surabaya period August - October 2017.

Conclusion. There is a significantly low and equivalent relationship between age and fall risk and significantly low and unequal relationship between activity of daily living and fall risk of patients in Geriatric Outpatient Installation RSUD Dr Soetomo Surabaya for the period of August – October 2017.

Keywords

activity of daily living, elderly, fall risk

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